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Tips for Jobs

FOR YOU CAREGIVER suggests useful information for you on how to successfully work in Japanese companies which include important manners and rules for job application. Please take a look before finding a job.

  1. 1:WHAT IS CARE WORKS

  2. 2:TIPS FOR EFFECTIVE JOB HUNTING

  3. 3:THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT SOCIAL INSURANCE

  4. 4:ABOUT SALARY

  5. 5:THE WORKING RULES IN JAPAN

4:ABOUT SALARY

Break Down of Salary
Have you ever seen a pay slip when you've gotten paid?
It has a detailed breakdown of your salary.
Do you understand what the numbers mean?

Base Salary
Base salary is your basic salary. Generally speaking, the base salary is your regular payment that you earn by working without absence during a pay period.

S1

 

What is an Allowance?
An allowance is part of your salary, paid according to the conditions determined by your employer.
Companies do not necessarily have to pay allowances. However, if a company once set
the conditions for paying allowances by its Salary Provisions, those who meet the conditions
will receive the allowances.

 

Types of Allowances

 

Spuse Allowance/Child Allowance
These are allowances a company pays employees, according to their number of dependents.

Commuting Alowance
Allowance a company pays employees according to the distance from home to
the company, or the cost for commuting.

Position Allowance

Allowance a company pays employees according to their position. For example, a managerial position allowance, an area manager allowance, etc.

Qualification Allowance
Allowance a company pays employees who have certain qualifications designated the company.

Housing Allowance
Allowance a company pays employees according to how much rent they pay for accommodation.


Overtime Allowance
Allowance your employer pays if you work overtime,
according to that number of overtime hours. The allowance must be 125% or more of the normal hourly rate.



Holiday Work Allowance
Allowance your employer pays if you work on a holiday. The allowance is at least 125% or 135% of the normal hourly rate, depending on the type of holiday.



Night Shift Allowance
Allowance your employer pays if you work from 22:00 to 5:00. The allowance is 125% or more of the normal hourly rate.

S2

Types of Social Insurance
Types of Social Insurance
There are 4 types of social insurance in Japan.
Health Insurance
The health insurance system covers medical expenses in case of personal injury or illness.



Long-term care Insurance
Long-term Care Insurance is a system for supporting elderlies who require long-term care.



Employee's pension
Employees' Pension System pays living expenses when a person becomes unable to work due to aging or disability, or when the main earner in a family dies.



Employment Insurance
Employment Insurance covers the cost of living when get fired or you quit the company.



Income Tax
Income Tax must be paid to the national government according to the amount of income you receive in a year. This tax is deducted from your salary.



Residence Tax
Residence tax is paid to the municipal government of the area where you live. For workers from abroad, residence tax will apply if they enter Japan intending to live in Japan for 1 year or more, or they reside in Japan on January 1st of a given year. There are two methods of payment: one is that the company you work for deducts it from your salary, and the other is that an invoice is directly sent to your address from the local municipal office, and you pay it by yourself at a bank or other payable location.

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Net payment amount
The amount of the deduction is the amount obtained by subtracting the "deduction", which is the sum of social insurance premiums and taxes, from the "total payment", which is the sum of the basic salary and various benefits.

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